Treatment for Burns
You’re in the kitchen, boiling a pot of water. Or maybe you’re sunbathing while the sun is high in the sky. Or maybe you’re handling strong chemicals, like gasoline or strong acid. The risk of burns and burn injury are everywhere, and you would do well to be aware of the types of burns and how to treat them effectively.
Scalds and skin burns
Burns are injuries to the skin or bodily tissues caused by heat, or exposure to strong chemicals, radioactivity, electricity, or friction(1).
There are different kinds of burns depending on how deep the skin damage is and they include the following(2).
1st degree burns - These are minor burn injuries that affect only the epidermis, or the outermost layer of the skin. Symptoms include pain, and the skin turning red.
2nd degree burns - These are skin burns that affect both the epidermis and dermis, or the upper and secondary layer of the skin. Symptoms include blisters and stronger pain. A 2nd degree skin burn may result in scarring.
3rd degree burns - These are burn injuries where damage has reached the fat layer underneath the skin. Symptoms include burned areas looking black, brown, or white, and leathery-looking skin. Affected areas may suffer nerve damage.
Severe burns can cause shock and death. Burns may also lead to infections due to the injury to the skin(3).