First aid for minor wounds
The good news for minor wounds is that most of them can be safely treated at home. With proper first aid, your wound should recover in a few days without any problems.
Stop the bleeding - If the wound is bleeding, you’ll need to address that immediately before doing anything else. Get a clean and dry absorbent material that won’t leave residue—a towel or a handkerchief will do if you don’t have a bandage handy—and apply pressure to the affected area for several minutes to give time for your blood to clot. It also helps to reduce the blood flow to that area—this is easy to do if the wound is on your limbs. Lift your arms above your head or lie down and raise your legs above your heart level to reduce the blood flow3.
Clean the wound - When you’ve got the bleeding under control—or, in the case of a puncture, if there’s minimal to no bleeding involved, and you’re sure there’s no debris stuck in there—it’s time to clean the affected area to avoid infection. Wash with cool or lukewarm water and use mild soap to remove any dirt and debris gently4.
Address the pain and/or itching - here are topical remedies you can apply to your wound before dressing it (if it needs to be dressed at all) to help you address pain and itching. Ensure that the product used contains camphor and eucalyptus oil, which helps give you temporary relief from pain or itching due to minor wounds. If it is still painful, you might want to take over-the-counter pain medication to help ease it a little4. Be sure to consult with your healthcare provider for appropriate treatment.
To dress or not to dress? - Some wounds require dressing—deeper minor wounds that might reopen and start bleeding again will need clean dressing. Make sure to use sterile adhesive dressing and change it as often as necessary to keep it clean and help avoid infection. You can stop dressing the wound once it has fully dried and closed itself3.